The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently finalized amendments to the national marine diesel engine program to address the lack of available certified Tier 4 marine diesel engines for use in certain high-speed commercial vessels.
In announcing the change at a recent press conference with the Maine Lobstermen’s Association, EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler said the action “gives boat builders and operators flexibility to meet EPA standards during the next several years.
“Lobstermen and pilot boat captains are at a particular disadvantage when changes in emission rules occur,” Wheeler added, “because the larger market for diesel engines can’t build new models quickly enough for marine users – putting these operators in potential violation of pollution rules through no fault of their own.”
The final rule provides regulatory relief to boat builders and manufacturers of lightweight and high-power marine diesel engines used in high-speed commercial vessels such as lobster fishing boats and pilot boats.
In 2008, EPA adopted Tier 3 and Tier 4 emission standards for new marine diesel engines with per-cylinder displacement less than 30 L. The Tier 3 standards were based on engine manufacturers’ capabilities to reduce particulate matter (PM) and oxides of nitrogen (NOX) emissions with recalibration and other engine-based technologies. The Tier 4 standards were based on the application of catalytic aftertreatment technology, including selective catalytic reduction (SCR). Tier 4 standards currently apply to commercial marine diesel engines with rated power at or above 804 hp.
The Tier 3 standards were phased in for different engine sizes and power ratings from 2009 to 2014. The Tier 4 phase-in schedule started in 2014 for engines at or above 2682 hp (2000 kW), which are prevalent on large workboats that are less sensitive to engine size and weight concerns. Standards for engines from 1341 to 1877 (1000 to 1400 kW) were applied at the start of model year 2017 and on Oct. 1, 2017 for engines from 804 to 1339 hp (600 kW to 999 kW).
The schedule for applying the Tier 4 standards was intended to give engine manufacturers time to redesign and certify compliant engines and to give boat builders time to redesign their vessels to accommodate the Tier 4 engines, especially with respect to engine size and weight. The 800 hp threshold for applying the Tier 4 standards was intended to avoid aftertreatment-based standards for small vessels used for certain applications that were most likely to be designed for high-speed operation with very compact engine installations.
However, only one engine manufacturer (Caterpillar) has certified Tier 4 marine engines below 1400 kW and EPA said there are no certified Tier 4 engines below 1400 kW with a power density greater than 35 kW per liter (total engine displacement).
EPA’s proposal is expected to help boatbuilders whose production capabilities have been impacted by a lack of certified engines. The proposal will also provide additional lead time to meet the agency’s Tier 4 standards for qualifying engines and vessels and includes a new waiver process, which would allow for continued installation of Tier 3 engines for certain vessels if suitable Tier 4 engines continue to be unavailable. The proposal also includes changes to streamline the engine certification process to promote certification of engines with high power density.
The rule also includes a proposed technical correction to the national marine diesel fuel program. This change will clarify that fuel manufacturers and distributors may sell distillate diesel fuel that meets the 2020 global sulfur standard adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The proposed correction will help U.S. fuel manufacturers and distributors to meet the IMO standard on time and without creating additional burdens for the industry.
For more information on the EPA’s amendments, click here.